Pain Free Working

The Ideal Office Temperature for Productive Working

The quest for the ideal office temperature is a perennial debate in workplaces worldwide. Mark Zuckerberg prefers to maintain a chilly 15°C in the Facebook office, while one of the senior advisers President Obama described the temperature in the Oval Office as so warm that “you could grow orchids in there.”

While comfort is subjective, scientific research and anecdotal evidence suggest that the temperature of a workspace can significantly impact employee productivity, concentration, and overall well-being.

Finding the ideal office temperature in our offices isn’t just a matter of comfort; it’s a crucial factor in fostering a conducive work environment. Learn from our tips to prevent you from becoming ill-prepared like many employers.

How Temperature Affects Productivity 

Temperature has a direct correlation with productivity levels. When it’s too hot or too cold, your staff may struggle to concentrate, leading to reduced efficiency and effectiveness in completing tasks. 

Cooler climates can cause physical discomfort, leading to distraction, while excessive heat can cause fatigue and decreased cognitive function. At above 30C, worker productivity drops by as much as 10%. Conversely, temperatures below 20°C elevate the likelihood of increased employee error rate and susceptibility to illness.

Maintaining the best temperature within the office space significantly impacts productivity levels. Extremes of hot or cold working conditions notably impair concentration and overall work performance. 

Effective cooling units and heating systems are vital to maintaining control over these climates, maximizing the creativity of your workers, and ensuring that you get the most from each working day.

Maintaining an optimal temperature can enhance comfort, boost morale, and positively impact employee health, thereby contributing to increased productivity and a better work environment.

Understanding the Thermostat Wars In Your Office

Thermostat conflicts often plague office management, creating intense battles over temperature settings. When climate wildly varies within different areas of the office, frustration ensues as individuals struggle to work in their preferred temperature zone. Resolving these conflicts involves scrutinizing the underlying causes. 

Fluctuating temperatures post-renovation may arise due to design inadequacies, particularly when HVAC systems remain outdated compared to the renovated space, impacting airflow. 

Neglected preventive maintenance can result in worn-out components, such as ductwork grime or worn filters, making the AC less efficient. If the thermostat is in direct sun, it will get an inaccurate climate reading and instruct the AC to chill you much more than necessary. Persistent issues with achieving the desired warmth or cold might signal underlying problems like frozen coils or blocked ducts.

To tackle these battles, seeking an office climate solution that caters to everyone’s comfort is key. Aside from negotiations, various strategies can be implemented: scheduling demanding tasks in cooler areas or during cooler times of the day, adopting adaptable dress codes, using blinds to manage sunlight exposure, and ensuring accurate thermostat readings by avoiding direct sunlight. 

Regular AC maintenance, including filter changes and coil inspections, helps prevent breakdowns and ensures a consistent ideal office temperature. Prioritizing air quality not only enhances employee comfort but also contributes significantly to overall productivity and the organization’s success, preventing an office environment from being labeled as oppressive or uncomfortable.

Ultimately, prioritizing air quality plays a pivotal role in creating a workplace environment conducive to better performance and contentment among workers, benefiting the organization’s bottom line.

What is the Perfect Office Temperature For Productivity?

The ideal office temperature for productivity in offices isn’t set in stone, as there is no one temperature to suit the individual preferences of your workers with environmental factors to take into consideration. However, numerous studies have attempted to pinpoint an optimal range. 

Most research suggests that between 68 and 76 degrees Fahrenheit (20-24 degrees Celsius) in a room tends to be most conducive to productivity and employee well-being.

Determining ideal office temperatures is a puzzlingly vague concept, as there isn’t a universal setting that suits everyone. Average office and building temperature is meaningless if some rooms are unbearably hot and others are freezing. Consider controlling temperature by room and zone and automating your office’s degrees, rather than going for an average.

Some experts propose a “Goldilocks zone” as the best temperature, ranging from 71°F to 73°F under specific conditions. Meanwhile, a Cornell study suggests that productivity and comfort peak between 72°F and 79°F. We also have to take into account that pregnant women and people with some types of disabilities have a lower tolerance to high temperatures.

Surprisingly, even the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) doesn’t have specific regulations concerning ideal office temperatures. Instead, they emphasize the importance of clean, well-ventilated air, maintaining humidity levels between 20 to 60 percent.

However, it’s essential to acknowledge that the feeling of hot and cool alone isn’t the sole determinant of comfort. Various elements, including air quality, seasonal changes, and individual body types, significantly influence how individuals perceive different temperatures. Recognizing these multifaceted factors is crucial when aiming to create an environment that caters to diverse comfort preferences within the workplace.

Maintaining a consistent climate in the office within this range can help minimize distractions caused by discomfort, allowing workers to focus on their tasks without being overly affected by the surrounding climate.

What is an Acceptable Office Temperature?

An acceptable office temperature typically falls between 70 to 74 degrees Fahrenheit (21-23 degrees Celsius). This range often caters to most employees, striking a balance between those who prefer a slightly cooler environment and those who feel comfortable in a slightly warmer space.

However, it’s important to note that personal preferences vary widely.

Is 75 Degrees Too Hot For an Office?

While 75 degrees Fahrenheit (24 degrees Celsius) might be comfortable for some individuals, it could be too warm for others. Generally, this climate might border on the higher end of the acceptable range, potentially leading to decreased productivity due to feelings of discomfort and fatigue in some individuals.

When the temperature rises above this threshold, productivity declines, likely to cause distractions, reduce concentration, and increase the likelihood of your staff feeling lethargic, which can negatively impact work performance.

Different Factors in Temperature Perception

Understanding many variations of preferences and perceptions between office workers is crucial when striving for an ideal office climate, and acknowledging the needs of both younger and older colleagues.

Gender Disparities

Gender disparities also play a role in warmth retention due to physiological variations akin to weight differences. Typically, men possess more muscle mass than women, allowing them to warm up faster. In contrast, women often have more constricted vessels that retain blood near the skin’s surface, prioritizing blood circulation around core organs.

A study from 2015 shed light on the crucial consideration of women’s distinct body chemistry when setting the office thermostat for the ideal temperature, particularly during the sweltering summer months when air conditioning units operate continuously. 

Female employees with a lower metabolic rate and higher body fat percentages than male employees tend to experience cold more intensely. This divergence implies that adjustments in office climate might be necessary if a significant chunk of your workers are women.

Dress Code

The choice of clothing significantly impacts overall warmth, particularly in office settings. Unfortunately, traditional office attire often grants women more flexibility in adapting to warm weather conditions with options like bare legs, dresses, and skirts.

In contrast, male colleagues, biologically more inclined to prefer cooler environments, find themselves confined in shirts, suits, and full-length trousers. 

To ensure comfort for all employees, companies should offer dress code flexibility, allowing options to layer up or cool down. Providing jumpers for everyone during winter and relaxing dress codes during exceptionally warm periods can help accommodate diverse comfort needs.

Psychological Factors

Certain individuals exhibit lower tolerance to higher temperatures, such as pregnant women and those with specific disabilities. Conversely, several medical conditions, including anemia, hypothyroidism, and certain cancers, heighten sensitivity to cold.

Recognizing these diverse physiological factors is imperative in creating an inclusive and comfortable office environment for all workers.


Humidity levels impact our perception of warmth and chill. Excessive humidity impedes sweating, leading to potential heat exhaustion, while a relative humidity of around 40 percent is considered optimal for year-round comfort. 

Both high and low humidity levels pose problems; while high humidity feels stifling, low humidity can cause discomfort by making the air feel colder and drying out the skin, throat, and nasal passages.

Striking the right balance in humidity levels is crucial for maintaining a conducive and productive office environment, as it directly influences perceived temperature and comfort levels.

Offering flexibility or adjustable climate control within the office can accommodate diverse comfort levels.

Is Air Conditioning a Requirement for Office Productivity? 

Air conditioning plays a significant role in temperature adjustment and regulation, especially in regions with extreme weather conditions. It helps maintain a comfortable environment, preventing temperature extremes that can hinder innovation and creativity.

However, it’s essential to strike a balance—excessive use of a cooling unit can lead to overly cold temperatures, causing discomfort and potential health issues. 

While this might seem evident, thermal comfort isn’t always prioritized by most employers. Nonetheless, numerous scientific studies consistently reveal that many office workers who feel uncomfortable due to fluctuating temperatures tend to be notably less productive. 

High temperatures during summer serve as a prime example – excessive heat induces sluggishness, slows down brain processing, and diminishes work output. Moreover, stressed employees, whether due to work-related pressure or personal issues, display heightened sensitivity to external factors like temperature, further impeding their ability to concentrate.

Besides air conditioners, proper insulation, ventilation systems, and access to natural light play crucial roles in regulating ideal office temperatures effectively to increase workplace productivity. Providing your workers control over their immediate workspace temperatures, such as through adjustable vents or individual climate controls, can also contribute to increased productivity by catering to diverse comfort preferences.

Final Note

The ideal temperature for innovation and creativity is subjective but generally falls within the range of 68 to 76 degrees Fahrenheit. Maintaining a comfortable temperature promotes focus, concentration, and overall well-being among employees.

Employers should prioritize creating a climate-controlled workspace that considers the diverse comfort levels of their workforce to foster a conducive environment for optimal productivity.

Tricia Montano

Tricia founded Pain Free Working in 2019 due to suffering from degenerative disc disease in her L5-S1 from working an office job for the past 18 years. She and her team strive on finding and reviewing the best office equipment to help fellow pain sufferers find relief and to enable people like her to do their jobs comfortably.