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When it comes to working out, a rest day may seem counterintuitive to achieving your health and fitness goals. After all, shouldn’t you be pushing yourself to the limit every day to see progress? However, rests are a crucial aspect of any exercise routine, whether you’re looking to build muscle, lose weight, or simply stay active.
In this blog post, we’ll discuss how rest days are important, how often you need them, and what happens if you don’t take them.
Are Rest Days Necessary?
Short answer, yes! Incorporating rest days into your routine is just as necessary as doing your workouts. When you exercise, your body creates microscopic tears in your muscle tissue, which is a natural and necessary part of building muscle. However, these tears need time to repair, which is where a rest day comes in. During rest, cells called fibroblasts repair it and build stronger muscles.
The tissues in your body also get a little bit fitter once they heal. That way, you won’t sustain as many injuries the following time you do the same exercise.
Reasons to Take a Rest Day
Making regular rests a part of your workout routine can offer a multitude of benefits beyond just muscle repair. Here are some of the much-needed advantages of having a rest day:
Prevent Muscle Fatigue
Overworking your muscles without enough rest can lead to muscle fatigue, which manifests as acute soreness during or right after an exercise. This is when the glycogen levels or the energy stored in your muscles is depleted. If the body’s energy stores aren’t replenished, muscle discomfort and exhaustion will set in.
When you take a rest day, you’re muscles have a chance to restock their glycogen stores, helping reduce muscle pain and soreness and getting them ready for the next workout.
Prevent Overuse Injuries
An overuse injury is a common issue for people who skip rests. When you work out, your tissues, tendons, and ligaments undergo stress, and over time, this stress can lead to overuse injuries.
Giving your body a break allows it to recover and prevent injuries caused by repetitive stress. According to a study published in the International Journal of Sports Medicine, taking regular rest days can help prevent injuries in athletes.
Aid in Weight Loss
Rest days are not only important for muscle repair and recovery, but they can also help with weight loss. When you work out, your body burns calories and fat to fuel your muscles. However, if you don’t give your body sufficient rest, it can start to break down more muscle tissue instead of burning fat, which can slow down your weight loss progress.
Taking rest days can help prevent this from happening by allowing your body to recover, which can lead to increased muscle mass and a higher metabolism. This means your body will be better equipped to burn fat and calories even when you’re not working out.
Increase Blood Flow
Rest days can increase the flow of blood, which is essential for the recovery process. When you incorporate rest days into your schedule, your body has time to repair and regain, which can help increase blood circulation. This increased blood circulation helps transport essential nutrients and oxygen to the tissues, which aids in their rehabilitation and growth.
Boost Nervous System Function
Burnout, which can impact your central nervous system and cause things to go out of balance, can result from overworking yourself without getting adequate rest. The constant stress of exercise might interfere with your body’s natural healing processes if you don’t take the time you need to rest and recuperate. You may experience persistent fatigue and exhaustion as a result of this, making it difficult for you to complete your normal routine even those that are relatively simple.
Taking a rest day can help reset and recharge your central nervous system, which can lead to better performance during your next training session.
Promote Active Recovery
Rest days don’t have to mean complete inactivity. More often than not, you’ll want to concentrate on active recovery following a vigorous sweat session. This kind of recuperation works by boosting the flow of blood to the areas after an exercise that requires it most.
Improve Exercise Performance
Rest days enhance your overall exercise performance. Let’s say you’re training for a half-marathon. You’ve been running every day for the past few weeks and are starting to feel tired and sluggish. You’re not making the progress you want to, and you’re worried you won’t be able to complete the race.
What you need is time off from running and to take a rest day. Your muscle tissue will be able to repair the micro-tears that have been created during your runs, leading to increased muscle mass and improved running efficiency.
When you allow your body enough recovery period, you will be able to prevent injury, perform better during your next workout, and make it easier for you to stick to your fitness regime.
Improve Sleep Quality
Regular rest days can improve the quality of your sleep by reducing stress and promoting relaxation, which is vital for overall health and well-being. According to a study published in the Journal of Sleep Research, exercise can improve sleep quality, but overtraining can have the opposite effect.
It is also interesting to note that a significant portion of recuperation and growth occurs while we rest, as evidenced by research showing that growth hormone levels drastically increase during deep sleep.
Improve Mental Health
Although regular exercise helps to reduce stress by producing feel-good hormones, too much exercise can actually make people feel more stressed. You’ll burn out if you keep pushing over your boundaries or go through a compulsive exercise.
As a result, you might not be able to function for several days and your mental health may suffer. Taking a rest enhances your mental health by easing tension and encouraging relaxation.
Do You Need Rest Days to Build Muscle?
Did you know that muscles grow during rest, and not during exercise? The process of gaining muscle doesn’t really start with lifting weights. It is during the recovery phase of the cycle when tissues are broken down so they can strengthen themselves and adapt to the new load. It has to be given ample rest and food to heal so that it may truly build up and get stronger.
So yes, building muscles is one of the many reasons why you need rest days. While it’s good to challenge your muscles with weight training, it’s equally crucial to allow them time to repair and grow. Skipping body time to rest can lead to overuse injury and hinder your progress in building muscle.
How Often Do You Need a Rest Day?
The frequency of rests varies depending on your fitness level, training program, and overall health and fitness goals. As a general rule of thumb, it’s recommended to take at least one complete rest day per week.
If you engage in high-intensity workouts that target the same muscle group or body part multiple times per week, you may need more frequent days to allow your muscles to repair and rebuild. For instance, your upper body will probably be resting while your lower body is on a workout schedule, and vice versa.
Alternatively, if you prefer low-intensity workouts, such as yin yoga or stretching, you may not need as many rest days.
However, you may need more rest if you’re feeling fatigued, experiencing muscle pain, or simply not seeing actual results in your fitness goals. Ultimately, how much rest you need depends on you, so listen to your body carefully.
What Happens If You Don’t Take Rest Days?
Your overall health and fitness progress may suffer if you don’t include breaks during your workouts. Exercise creates microscopic tears and as your muscle experiences these small tears, they would need time to heal.
Without sufficient rest, your body does not have the opportunity to repair and rebuild these tears, which can lead to fatigue, pain, and even injury. Additionally, if you don’t take a rest, your body may not have enough time to replenish its energy stores, which can lead to decreased exercise efficiency and increased risk of injury.
How Do You Properly Spend Your Rest Days?
Rest days are an important part of any training regimen, but that doesn’t mean you should spend the day completely sedentary. You can take passive recovery or plenty of quality sleep, but if you’ve just engaged in vigorous physical activity, you’ll want to consider spending time on low-intensity activities.
This includes foam rolling or gentle stretching, which helps keep your body active while still giving your muscles the time they need to recover. Any certified personal trainer or holder of a master’s degree in sports performance would recommend taking an active rest day and recovery into your workout routine at least once or twice a week.
You can also use these days as an opportunity to do meal prep and eat a more balanced diet. Your diet gives your body the components it needs to heal the tissues and speed up recovery. Oatmeal, sweet potatoes, and fruits help you refuel after exercise, while eggs, cheese, and tuna are good sources of protein that encourage muscle regeneration.
Be sure to remember your liquids as well. Even if you aren’t exercising, you should still drink plenty of water to stay hydrated, avoid muscle cramps, and help your body distribute nutrients.
Rest days are an essential part of training sessions. Incorporating it into your fitness regime can help prevent overuse injuries, improve muscle restoration, and increase your overall fitness level.
By listening to your body, taking sufficient time to recover, and making the most of your rest days, you can stay active, healthy, and injury-free for years to come. Remember, while it’s important to pursue your fitness goals, don’t feel compelled to skip rest days.